Moringa oleifera: an alternative forage of multiple uses for the Brazilian semiarid

Karen Luanna Marinho Catunda, Emerson Moreira de Aguiar, Valdir Lima Júnior, Margareth Maria Teles Rego, Adriano Henrique do Nascimento Rangel

Resumo


Moringa oleifera is a medium-sized, fast-growing tree species native to India, which adapts to a wide range of soils and is tolerant to drought. Its importance for human and animal food is due to its nutritive characteristics, having high levels of crude protein, vitamins, minerals and insignificant amounts of antinutritional factors in its leaves. Furthermore, this plant has several other uses that are popularly recognized and corroborated by the scientific community, such as medicinal application, treatment of turbid waters, oil production and live fencing. Due to its climate adaptability, forage potential and various uses, moringa has been shown to be a viable alternative to be used in the Brazilian semiarid. Notwithstanding, there is still little research leading to better information on the use of this plant in the semiarid region and that can subsidize breeders and researchers for its propagation. This review was elaborated with the aim of discussing information to improve the use of Moringa oleifera as an alterna­tive forage of multiple uses for the Brazilian semiarid.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15361/1984-5529.2017v45n4p437-442