Soil fauna under eucalypt stands of different ages in the Savanna of Piauí

Catharina Teixeira Cortez, Leovanio Rodrigues Barbosa, Gildean Portela Morais, Luís Alfredo Pinheiro Leal Nunes, Ademir Sérgio Ferreira de Araújo, Maria Elisabeth Fernandes Correia

Resumo


The reforestation with eucalyptus has increased significantly in the Brazilian Savanah and it can promote changes on soil biological properties, mainly soil fauna. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the com­position of soil fauna in areas with Eucalyptus plantations of different ages compared with native savanna. The study was conducted in Eucalytptus plantations aged one, two, three and four years and area with native forest was taken as reference. Soil fauna was collected in the dry and rainy season to evaluate the number of individuals from different taxonomic groups, richness, uniformity and diversity. The highest num­ber of soil fauna was found in eucalyptus plantations with one year old at both seasons. However, the rich­ness did not differ between seasons. In areas where with eucalyptus plantations with one and two years old showed 90% of individuals represented by Coleoptera and Formicidae, which contributed for decreasing in fauna uniformity. The implantation of Eucalyptus early reduced the diversity and uniformity of soil fauna; however, there was a recovery of this biological attribute after two years of reforestation.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15361/1984-5529.2015v43n3p280-286